Georges Claude, (born Sept. 24, 1870, Paris, France—died May twenty three, 1960, Saint-Cloud) engineer, chemist, and inventor of the noble gas lightweight, which found widespread use in signs and was the forerunner of the fluorescent lightweight.
In 1897 Claude discovered that acetylene gas might be transported safely by dissolving it in ketone. His method was usually adopted and brought a wide enlargement to the ethyne business. Independently of the German chemist Carl von Linde, he developed a process for manufacturing liquefied air in amount (1902). Although he planned the use of atomic number 8 in iron smelting as early as 1910, his suggestion was not adopted until once warfare II.
While finding out the inert gases, Claude found that passing electrical current through them produced lightweight, and in 1910 he developed the neon lamp to be used in lighting and signs. With the introduction of inner fluorescent coatings, the fluorescent light was developed and began to exchange the electric light in industrial and sure home-lighting uses.
Claude also developed a method for the manufacture of ammonia in 1917 that was similar to the method developed by the German chemist Fritz Haber. In his efforts to find new sources of energy, he conducted experiments in producing electricity from the distinction in temperature between the ocean floor and therefore the surface.
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